From the Vaults — ‘While the City Sleeps,’ Part V

While the City Sleeps

This is the last in our series of posts on the 1928 Lon Chaney film “While the City Sleeps.” We have previously looked at the history of the film, the plot (convoluted), the reviews (mixed) the condition of this print (damaged and missing about 20 minutes), and the use of Los Angeles’ then-new City Hall.

Today, we’re going to pull back the curtain on a bit of movie trickery used in the film.

Warning: Spoilers ahead.

Here’s the beginning of the sequence:

While the City Sleeps
Lon Chaney, playing a New York police detective, climbs up on a roof with the Main Street side of City Hall in the background. Notice the Scribners sign. In case you are wondering, neither the 1927 or 1929 Los Angeles city directories list a Scribners.

Chaney walks out of that shot and into this one. But this location confused me:

While the City Sleeps

There was no skyline like this on North Main in 1928. In fact there still isn’t. Notice that the Scribners sign has moved. Very mysterious.

Then I started wondering about this rather distinctive building:

While the City Sleeps
Which looks a bit like the old City Hall, which was still standing on Broadway between 2nd and 3rd in 1928. Was it possible that the continuation of the shot was a second setup on another building, shooting south on Broadway instead of north on Main? Theoretically yes. But where? And what about the Scribners sign?

A closer examination reveals that the building is not the old City Hall.

city_hall_bwy_crop
But the old City Hall was only building in Los Angeles that had that sort of tower. Hm.

Then there’s this sequence.

While the City Sleeps
This shot from “While the City Sleeps” shows a bit of the Main Street side of City Hall and a sign for Harper & Reynolds.

While the City Sleeps

image

Unlike Scribners, Harper & Reynolds was an actual business in Los Angeles. The 1927 Los Angeles city directory, thoughtfully placed online by the Los Angeles Public Library, shows that it was at 152 N. Main. So we can be reasonably sure that the building is real.

But if we are looking in that direction, we have a problem, because there were no skyscrapers in that area.

city_hall_aerial_view_civic_center_postcard
This 1940s aerial view shows City Hall, the Hall of Justice (1926) and the Federal Building  (1940)

In fact, this is what it looks like now, courtesy of Google Earth:

image

What happened to all those big buildings north of the Civic Center?

Aha! Thanks to “Filming Locations in Los Angeles” by Karie Bible, Marc Wanamaker and Harry Medved, we have proof of what the movie makers did. On Page 10, there’s a publicity shot of the film crew on the roof of a building with City Hall in the background.

location_filming

Here’s a detail of that photo showing the crew with Lon Chaney, left, and Wheeler Oakman.

And the way the shot appears in the movie.

While the City Sleeps

A closer look.

location_filming

In a detail from the publicity shot, we see the old Hall of Records behind City Hall.

While the City Sleeps
But in the movie, there are other buildings and the sign for Scribners.  What happened to the Hall of Records?

I’m not an expert on special effects of the 1920s, so I can only speculate on whether this was a model, a “glass shot” (matte painting) or some other technique. But whatever was done, “While the City Sleeps” is an early example of the use of trick shots – remember that the movie was set in New York and required skyscrapers in the background — and can’t be taken as a historical document of Los Angeles as it was in the 1920s.

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About lmharnisch

I work at the Los Angeles Times
This entry was posted in 1928, Architecture, City Hall, Film, Hollywood, Photography and tagged , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

5 Responses to From the Vaults — ‘While the City Sleeps,’ Part V

  1. Cal and Lulu says:

    There was a Scribners Music Store Downtown L.A. as late as the 1950’s?

  2. Joe Vogel says:

    It must be some sort of matte shot. The building you thought might be old City Hall is in fact the Times Tower at Broadway and 42nd Street in New York City (the one they drop the ball from on New Year’s Eve, though it has been remodeled and doesn’t look like this anymore.)

    In the shot of the film crew on the roof, you can see what was actually north of new City Hall instead of a big skyscraper- the Bank of Italy building, which stood for a while on what remained of the angled section of Spring Street where Spring, Temple, and Main ran together.

    As for the Scribner’s sign, it might have been on the publishing company’s printing plant at 311-319 W. 43rd Street, or on the building which held the company’s offices, which was at 597-599 5th Avenue. But I’d say the movie can’t be taken as a historical document of New York in the 1920s either.

  3. Mary Mallory says:

    That tall building with the tower is one I’m pretty sure was in New YOrk at the time, can’t remember its name.

  4. aryedirect says:

    The use of very sophisticated special effects was in full flower by 1928. Every shot’s composition was meant to create the illusion of motion picture reality, which is like – but not the same as – everyday reality.

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